Health examinations

You may be required to undergo health examinations as part of the visa application process. A report containing the results of these examinations will then be assessed to determine if you meet the health requirement.

Permanent and provisional visa applicants

If you are applying for a permanent or provisional visa you will generally need to complete:

  • a medical examination
  • a chest x-ray and (if aged 11 years or older or considered appropriate on clinical grounds)
  • an HIV test (if aged 15 years or older or considered appropriate on clinical grounds).

You may also be required to complete additional tests if you:

  • are aged 15 over and are intending to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic in Australia (hepatitis B and C testing will also be required)
  • are pregnant (hepatitis B testing will also be required)
  • are aged 15 or over and applying for a protection visa (hepatitis B and C, and syphilis testing is required)
  • are aged 15 or over and applying for an offshore humanitarian visa (syphilis testing is required)
  • are an unaccompanied humanitarian minor, a child for adoption or a child in the care of an Australian state or territory government welfare authority (HIV and hepatitis B testing is required)
  • have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.

Important: The above health examinations will also need to be completed by any non-migrating dependents, that is any members of your family unit who do not intend to migrate and are not included in your visa application, in case they decide to migrate in the future.

Temporary visa applicants

If you are applying for a temporary visa, the type of health examination you need to undergo will depend on a number of factors including:

  • the type of visa that you are applying for
  • the length of your intended stay in Australia
  • your country level of tuberculosis risk as explained below
  • your intended activities in Australia
  • any special circumstances that may be applicable
  • the presence of any significant medical conditions.

If you have already lodged a visa application, you will be advised by our online systems or your case officer which health examinations you are required to complete.

If you have not yet lodged a visa application, the information provided below will help you determine what health examinations (if any) you are likely to be asked to complete.

Note: if you want to complete your health examinations before lodging a visa application, you will need to use our My Health Declarations service first which will tell you which health examinations (if any) are required based on the information in the tables below, and the information that you enter in your My Health Declarations form. Please make sure you answer the questions in this form carefully so that the correct health examinations are generated for you where possible.

What health examinations are required for my temporary visa application?

The table below outlines the health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application.

It is, however, important to be aware that:

  • if your health is considered to be of special significance, because you are undertaking certain activities in Australia, you will be required to complete additional health examinations as explained further below
  • if you are under 11 years of age, we will ask you to a medical examination instead of a chest x-ray where required
  • if you have already been in Australia in the last 28 days, we include any time you have already spent in Australia when determining the length of stay for your new visa application from a health perspective
  • you may be required to complete additional tests if you have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.
This table outlines health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application.
Countries/Locations Risk Level You intend to stay in Australia for less than 3 months You intend to stay in Australia for no more than 12 months You intend to stay in Australia for more than 12 months
Lower risk No health examinations required No health examinations required No health examinations required
Medium risk No health examinations required No health examinations required You must undergo
  • a chest x-ray
    and
  • a medical examination.

For 457 applicants:
  • chest x-ray examination only.
Higher risk No health examinations required You must undergo a
chest x-ray examination
You must undergo
  • a chest x-ray
    and
  • a medical examination.

For 457 applicants:
  • chest x-ray examination only.

How do I determine my country level of risk?

Your 'country level of risk' will be the one indicated in the table below for your country of citizenship as evidenced by the travel document that you are using to apply for your visa unless you have spent more than three consecutive months in the last five years in another country that has a higher risk level.

This table indicates the country/location risk level.
Countries/ Locations Risk Level Countries/Locations
Lower Albania, American Samoa, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, British West Indies, Canada, Cayman Islands, Channel Islands, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Guadeloupe, Grenada, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Jan Mayen, Jordan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Martinique, Monaco, Montserrat, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Pitcairn Islands, Puerto Rico, Saint Helena, Saint Barthélémy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tokelau, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, United States of America, United States Virgin Islands, Vatican City.
Medium Anguilla, Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Dominica, Egypt, Fiji, French Polynesia, Honduras, Hungary, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of), Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, New Caledonia, Niue, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Samoa, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Spain, Suriname, Tahiti, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caico Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela, Wallis and Futuna Islands, West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Higher Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, China (People's Republic of), Comoros, Congo (Republic of the), Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Croatia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor (Timor Leste), Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong SAR of the PRC, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Macau SAR of the PRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mayotte, Mauritania, Melanesia, Micronesia (Federated States of), Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Mariana Islands, Pakistan, Palau (Republic of), Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pleasant Island, Qatar, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Reunion Islands, Romania Russian Federation, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Does special significance apply to me?

If one of the special significance situations in the table below applies to you, you will also be required to undertake the additional health examinations listed, subject to age considerations.

Special significance situations Additional health examinations required
You are from a medium or higher risk country and you have applied for a Student visa and/or are likely to be in a classroom situation for more than 3 months. Chest x-ray and medical examinations
You are from a medium or higher risk country and likely to enter a health care or hospital environment. Chest x-ray examination
You are pregnant and intend to have the baby in Australia. Hepatitis B test
You intend to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic. Chest x-ray and medical examinations
HIV, hepatitis B and C blood tests.
You are likely to work (or be a trainee) at an Australian childcare centre (including preschools and creches). Chest x-ray examination
You are aged 75 years or older and applying for a Visitor visa (subclass 600 and 676 only). Medical examination
For visa applicants outside of Australia: You are an applicant who has spent 28 days or longer on or after 5 May 2014 in Afghanistan, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Israel, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia or Syria, or in a combination of any of these countries.

For more information see Polio.
Provide evidence of vaccination against polio

Last modified Thursday 23 October 2014