Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143)

Features

This visa lets parents of an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen live in Australia.​​​

Requirements

You might be able to get this visa if you:

  • are sponsored or
  • hold a temporary Contributory Parent visa (subclass 173)
  • meet the balance-of-family test
  • are prepared to pay higher visa application charges for faster processing.

About this visa

On 2 June 2014 we have permanently closed the following visa subclasses in the Family Stream of the Migration Programme to new applications:

  • Parent visa (subclass 103)
  • Aged Parent visa (subclass 804)
  • Aged Dependent Relative visa (subclasses 114 and 838)
  • Remaining Relative visa (subclasses 115 and 835)
  • Carer visa (subclasses 116 and 836).

The visas will be closed to new applications before the start of the 2014-15 Migration Programme year.

For more information see Closing of Non-Contributory Parent and Other Family visas.

The Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143) lets parents live permanently in Australia if they have a child who is an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen who is settled in Australia.

Most applicants need to be sponsored by their child. Your sponsor needs to have lived lawfully in Australia for the two years before the application is lodged.

You can lodge an application for this visa in or outside Australia. If you are in Australia, you can apply only if your temporary visa allows you to apply for another visa while you are in Australia.

More information

More information is available from the Parent Migration booklet.

What this visa lets you do

This is a permanent residence visa. It lets you and any family members who have also been granted this visa to:

  • stay in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enrol in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
  • apply for Australian citizenship (if you are eligible)
  • sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • travel to and from Australia for five years from the date the visa is granted (after that time, you will need a resident return visa or another visa to return to Australia).

Before you apply

You have to pay more for Contributory Parent visas than for most other visas. This is because many families wanted a faster visa process and were prepared to pay a higher contribution towards their family members' health and welfare costs in Australia. Visa charges cannot be waived or reduced.

You also have  the option of applying for a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173), which provides a two-stage pathway, allowing the costs of Contributory Parent migration to be staggered.

Tourist visa

If you have been granted a  or a Visitor visa (subclass 600) through ministerial intervention, you should contact one of our offices - attention Parent Visa Centre - to discuss your circumstances.

Your passport

If you plan to get a new passport, you should do so before applying for your visa. Your visa is linked to the passport number you use in your application, and you should advise us if your passport changes.

Cost

The visa application charges are listed in Fees and charges.

The visa application charge for this visa is paid in two instalments.

  • pay the first instalment when you lodge the application
  • pay the second instalment when we tell you to. You must pay it for the visa to be granted.

Other costs

You might have to pay other costs, such as the costs of health assessments and police certificates, or any other certificates or tests. You are responsible for making the necessary arrangements.

You will also be asked to organise an assurance of support, which includes a bond, before your visa can be decided.

If you have a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173)

The information in this section applies to you if you or your family members already have a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173).

Your documents

If you or your family members already have a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173), you do not need to provide documents to show:

  • you meet the balance-of-family test
  • evidence of your family members' dependency. You must tell us if any of your family members are no longer dependent on you.

You need to provide documents only if your circumstances have changed.

Your sponsor

If the child who sponsored you for your Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173) has died, you could be eligible for a sponsorship concession. In this case, contact one of our offices - attention the Parent Visa Centre. More information about sponsoring is available in the 'Sponsors' tab.

Your visa application charge

To get a concession on your visa application charge, you must show that one of the following applies:

Visa applicants

This information tells you what you need to do to apply for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143).

All applications for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143) are currently processed in Australia. You can be in or outside of Australia at the time of lodging your application.

If you are in Australia, you can apply only if your temporary visa allows you to apply for another visa while you are in Australia. Applications are generally lodged by post or courier to the Parent Visa Centre. For further information see 'How to apply'.

You can be in Australia (but do not have to be) when the visa is decided if you are one of the following:

In all other cases, you must be outside Australia when the visa is decided.

Who could get this visa

You might be able to get a permanent Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 143) if you either:

  • hold a temporary Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173)
  • have a child who is:
    • an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen
    • lawfully resident in Australia for about two years (a shorter period can be considered for Australian citizens if there are compelling and compassionate circumstances)
  • meet the balance-of-family test
  • have an accepted assurance of support
  • meet health and character requirements.

Your sponsor

You must be sponsored by an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen. The sponsor needs to have been living lawfully in Australia for at least two years before you apply for this visa. For most applicants, your child or your child's spouse or de facto partner will need to sponsor you.

If your child is younger than 18 years of age you can be sponsored by:

  • your child's spouse, if the spouse has turned 18 and is a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • a relative or guardian of your child
  • a relative or guardian of your child's spouse, if the spouse has not turned 18 and is a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • a community organisation.

More information about sponsoring is available in the 'Sponsors' tab.

Health requirements

You must meet certain health requirements. The results are usually valid for 12 months. Do not arrange a health examination until we ask you to.

This also applies to all dependent family members included in your application, whether they are migrating or not.

Character requirements

You must meet certain character requirements. You must be prepared to provide a police certificate from each country you have lived in for 12 months or more during the past 10 years after you turned 16 years of age. Do not arrange for police certificates until we ask you to.

This also applies to all dependent family members in the application who are 16 years of age or older.

Debts to the Australian Government

You must have no outstanding debts to the Australian Government or have arranged to repay any outstanding debts to the Australian Government before this visa can be granted.

Provide biometrics

You might be asked to provide biometrics (a scientific form of identification) as part of the application. Countries and visa subclasses included in the biometrics program has more information.

Balance-of-family test

The balance-of-family test measures your ties to Australia. You meet this requirement if either:

  • at least half of your children live permanently in Australia
  • more of your children live permanently in Australia than in any other country.

You must meet this requirement to be granted this visa. It cannot be waived, even in compelling or exceptional circumstances.

The table below gives some examples of families with different numbers of children and whether they would pass the balance-of-family test.

Total number of children

Number of children usually living in Australia

Number of children usually living in countries other than Australia

Meets balance of family test

Country A

Country B

Country C

Country D

1

1

Yes

2

1

1

 -

Yes

3

1

2

 -

No

3

1

1

1

 -

No

4

2

2

 -

Yes

4

1

1

1

1

 -

No

4

1

2

1

 -

No

5

1

1

1

1

1

No

5

2

1

1

1

Yes

5

3

2

 -

Yes

6

2

2

2

 -

No

We do not assess the nature of your relationship with your children.

If you do not know where your children are, we consider that they are in the country in which they were last known to live.

To be counted as usually living in Australia, your children must be one of the following:

If your children are in Australia on a temporary visa (such as a Student visa), they are counted as usually living outside Australia.

Your and your partner's children, including stepchildren and adopted children, are counted in the balance-of-family test, unless they:

  • are deceased
  • are removed from their parents' legal custody by adoption or court order
  • are registered by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as refugees and live in a camp operated by the UNHCR
  • live in a country where they suffer persecution or human rights abuse and cannot be reunited with their parents in another country.

A stepchild is either:

  • your current partner's child, or
  • younger than 18 years of age and the legal responsibility of you or your partner and:
    • the child of your former partner, or
    • the child of a former partner of your current partner.

Stepchildren born from polygamous or concurrent relationships are not recognised in Australia and so they cannot be counted in the balance-of-family test.

Including family in your application

You can include the following people in your visa application:

  • your partner (married or de facto)
  • your or your partner’s dependent children
  • other dependent relatives.

These family members must meet the requirements for including family members in your application. The application must include documentary evidence of their relationship to you.

Your family members must be able to show that they meet health and character requirements.

You should include your partner in your Contributory Parent visa application unless there are compelling reasons (other than financial reasons). There might be limits on any subsequent Partner visa application if:

  • you were granted a permanent Contributory Parent visa on or after 1 July 2009
  • you were in a partner relationship on or before the Contributory Parent visa grant date
  • your partner did not apply for the Contributory Parent visa at the same time as you, or they withdrew that application (before it was finalised).

How to apply

This information explains what you need to do to apply for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143).

Prepare your documents

You need to provide documents to prove the claims you make in the application. The documents are listed in the Document checklist.

Some documents could take some time to obtain. You should have them ready when you lodge the application to reduce any delays in processing.

Lodge your application

You must complete an application form:

  • Form 47PA Application for a parent to migrate to Australia (525 kB PDF)

Applicants who hold or have held a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173) must complete:

  • Form 47PT Application for migration to Australia by a Contributory Parent (Temporary) or Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) visa holder (390 kB PDF)

Your sponsor must also complete:

  • Form 40 Sponsorship for migration to Australia (251 kB PDF)

For each dependent relative aged 18 years or older, (whether they are migrating or not) you must also complete:

  • Form 47A Details of child or other dependent family member aged 18 years or over (238 kB PDF)

The forms must be completed in English. You must provide all relevant documents and pay the visa application charge when you apply.

Lodge your application by post or courier to the Perth office - attention the Parent Visa Centre.

Email enquiry form

Parent Visa Centre Enquiry Form

You can pay by credit card, bank cheque or money order made payable to the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

Have you already applied for another type of Parent visa?

If you have an unfinalised application for any other type of Parent visa – for example, a Parent visa (subclass 103) – and want to switch to this visa, you must withdraw the other visa application at the same time or before you apply for the Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). Further information is available on the application forms:

  • Form 47PA Application for a parent to migrate to Australia (525 kB PDF)
  • Form 47PT Application for migration to Australia by a Contributory Parent (Temporary) or Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) visa holder (390 kB PDF).

More information

There is more information to help you prepare your application, such as certifying and translating documents into English, communicating with us, using a migration agent, authorising another person to receive information from us, and receiving assistance with your application.

After you have applied

After you have lodged your application and documents, we will let you know that we have received your information.

Wait for a decision

We process applications for this visa in the order in which they are lodged, subject to service standards. Applications for this visa are currently not subject to capping.

Based on current planning levels, the processing time is 12 to 24 months depending on your circumstances. Currently, there are enough places to cater for demand of these visas.

When a case officer has been assigned, we assess your application to check whether you still qualify for this visa (including health and character requirements).

If you qualify for the visa, we ask for the assurance of support and the second instalment of the visa application charge. We then make a final decision about your visa application.

In Australia:
You will be granted a Bridging visa if you are the holder of a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173), the holder of a Tourist visa (subclass 676) or Visitor visa (subclass 600)  granted through ministerial intervention, or a member of the family unit of a Contributory Parent (Subclass 173) visa holder. In all other cases, you will not be granted a Bridging visa to stay in Australia.

Outside Australia:
If you apply for this visa from outside Australia, do not make arrangements to travel to Australia until you are advised in writing that you have been granted a visa. Wait for a decision from us before you leave your job, sell your home or book your travel.

Provide more information

You can provide more information to us, at any time until a decision is made on the application. If you want to correct information you provided, use:

We could also ask you for more information. You will have to respond by a set date. After that date, we can make a decision about your application using the information that we have.

If another person gives us information that could result in you being refused a visa, we will usually give you the opportunity to comment on the information.

You might also be interviewed. If you are asked to attend an interview in person, bring your passport or other identification and any requested documents to the interview.

Report changes in your circumstances

You must tell us if your circumstances change. This includes a new residential address, a new passport, or a pregnancy, birth, divorce, separation, marriage, de facto relationship or death in your family.

You can use the following forms:

If you do not provide us with the details of any new passport issued to you, you could experience significant delays at the airport and may be denied permission to board your plane.

You can send these forms electronically to your case officer via parents@immi.gov.au.

Withdrawing your application

You can withdraw the application at any time before we make a decision. To do this, send us a letter or email to ask for the withdrawal. Your request must include your full name and date of birth. If you know it, you should also include the number we gave you when you applied – this could be a file reference number, client ID, or a Transaction Reference Number.

Applicants who are 18 years of age or older must sign the letter of withdrawal or send a separate email or letter.

You can send your signed letter of withdrawal to your case officer via parents@immi.gov.au.

Assurance of support

A person or organisation must also give you an assurance of support. They can be your sponsor or another person. Up to three people can agree to give you a joint assurance of support.

An assurance of support is a legal commitment to give you financial support so that you do not have to rely on social security payments. The assurance covers you and any family members included in your application.

An assurer must:

  • give you financial assistance for ten years
  • repay any recoverable social security payments you receive in the first ten years of living in Australia
  • lodge a bond for each applicant aged 18 years or older:
    • AUD10 000 — for the main applicant
    • AUD4000 — for each adult family member included in your application.

If the assurer is an organisation, a higher bond is required for each application.

The bond is refunded ten years after you are granted this visa. Any debts to the government are deducted from the bond and only the balance is refunded. Becoming an Australian citizen does not release the bond earlier.

We will tell you how and when to lodge an assurance of support after we receive your visa application.

More information about the assurance of support and how much you need to pay is located on the Department of Human Services website.

Visa decision

If the visa is granted, we will let you know:

  • when you can use the visa
  • the visa grant number
  • any conditions attached to the visa.

You will not have a visa label placed in your passport.

If the visa is not granted, we will let you know:

  • why the visa was refused
  • your review rights (if any). Where applicable, your sponsor can apply for the decision to be reviewed
  • the time limit for lodging an appeal.

Document checklist

You need to provide documents to support your application for this visa. We can make a decision using the information you provide when you lodge your application. It is in your interest to provide as much information as possible with your application.

Provide certified copies of original documents. Do not include original documents unless we specifically ask for them. Police certificates should be original documents. Documents not in English must be accompanied by accredited English translations.

Use this checklist to make sure your application is complete.

If you already hold a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173) and your circumstances have not changed since you were granted that visa, pay the visa application charge and provide only the following documents:

  • all documents listed under 'Forms'
  • all documents listed under 'Receiving assistance'.

Forms

  • For most applicants: Form 47PA Application for a parent to migrate to Australia (525 kB PDF)
  • For applicants who are Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173) holders:
    • Form 47PT Application for migration to Australia by a Contributory Parent (Temporary) or Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) visa holder (390 kB PDF)
  • Your sponsor must also complete:
    • Form 40 Sponsorship for migration to Australia (305 kB PDF).
  • For anyone included in the application who is 18 years of age or older and is not your partner:
    • Form 47a Details of child or other dependent family member aged 18 years or over (238 kB PDF).

Charges

  • Pay the first instalment of the visa application charge.

Receiving assistance

Your identity

  • Certified copies of the biographical pages of the current passports or travel documents that you, your partner and your dependants used to enter Australia, and of any passports held since then.
  • If your name has changed or the name of anyone included in your application has changed: a certified copy of evidence of the name change.

Your relationships

  • Certified copies of marriage certificates or relationship registrations for you and anyone else included in your application, even if they are not joining you in Australia.
  • If you are living in a de facto relationship: independent evidence that your relationship is genuine and continuing (for example, joint bank account statements, billing accounts in joint names or joint ownership of major assets).
  • If you or anyone included in the application has been widowed, divorced or permanently separated: a certified copy of the death certificate, divorce documents, or statutory declaration separation documents.
  • Evidence of financial dependency for all your family members aged 18 or older:
    • a certified copy of their birth certificate and proof of their relationship to you
    • proof that they live in your household
    • If they are not your partner, proof that they have been financially dependent on you for at least the 12 months immediately before you lodge your application.

Your children

  • Certified copies of birth certificates or the family book showing the names of both parents for all your children and step-children, even if they are not joining you in Australia.
  • If any dependent child included in the application is adopted: certified copies of the adoption papers.
  • If you want to bring a child younger than 18 years of age with you to Australia, and that child’s other parent is not included in the application: documentary evidence that you have the legal right to bring that child to Australia, such as:

Your sponsor

You must be sponsored by an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen. The sponsor needs to have been living lawfully in Australia for at least two years before you apply for this visa. For most applicants, your child or your child's spouse or de facto partner will need to sponsor you.

If your child is younger than 18 years of age you can be sponsored by:

  • your child's spouse, if the spouse has turned 18 and is a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • a relative or guardian of your child
  • a relative or guardian of your child's spouse, if the spouse has not turned 18 and is a settled Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • a community organisation.

More information about sponsoring is available in the 'Sponsors' tab.

  • If your sponsor is your child: evidence of your relationship to your child, such as certified copies of:
    • birth certificates
    • a family book showing family relationships
    • other acceptable evidence of your relationship.
  • If your sponsor is a relative, partner or guardian of your child, evidence of this relationship, such as certified copies of:
    • birth certificates
    • a family book showing family relationships
    • marriage certificates
    • evidence of guardianship
    • other acceptable evidence of the relationship between your child and the sponsor.
  • If your sponsor is a community organisation:
    • their certificate of registration
    • evidence that the organisation's representative has authority to act on behalf of the organisation (for example, the board or management committee's authority)
    • evidence of their financial capacity to support you after you arrive in Australia.

Visa holders

This information is for people who have already been granted a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). It explains your rights and obligations.

You can use Visa Entitlement Verification Online (VEVO) for free to check your visa details and entitlements.

What this visa lets you do

This is a permanent residence visa. It lets you and any family members who have also been granted this visa to:

  • stay in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enrol in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
  • apply for Australian citizenship (if you are eligible)
  • sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • travel to and from Australia for five years from the date the visa is granted (after that time, you will need a resident return visa or another visa to return to Australia).

You will not automatically receive the age pension or social security payments in Australia. You will have to wait:

  • two years for most social security payments
  • ten years for age and disability pension payments.

You could qualify for a Special Benefit payment from the Department of Human Services if you suffer a major change of circumstances that is beyond your control. Any payments you receive might be recoverable through your assurance of support for up to ten years after your arrival or the grant of your visa whichever is applicable to your circumstances. This 10-year period is not waived if you become an Australian citizen.

Your obligations

You and your family must comply with all visa conditions and Australian laws.

Sponsors

This information is for a person who wants to sponsor a parent for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). You can sponsor more than one parent.

Who can be a sponsor

You can sponsor your parent for this visa if you are:

  • 18 years of age or older
  • living lawfully in Australia for at least two years before the visa application is lodged
  • one of the following:

If you are younger than 18 years of age:

  • your spouse who is 18 years of age or older, your relative or guardian, or a relative or guardian of your spouse, can sponsor your parent(s). The sponsor must be an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
  • a community organisation can sponsor your parent(s) if:
    • they show there is a relationship between their organisation and you
    • a senior representative agrees for their organisation to support your parent(s) after their arrival in Australia.

Sponsor obligations

As a sponsor, you must give a written undertaking to provide support for your parent(s) for their first two years in Australia. This also applies to any family members who came with your parent to Australia.

During this period, you must provide:

  • support
  • accommodation
  • financial assistance.

Assurance of support

If you have also provided an accepted assurance of support for your parent, you are responsible for repaying to the Australian Government any social security payments they might have received during the 10-year period after their arrival in Australia or after they have been granted the visa in Australia, whichever applies. This also applies to any family members who came with your parent to Australia.

Estimate the cost of your visa

* Price will be displayed in Australian dollars unless changed.
The Visa Pricing Estimator requires you to answer the questions as accurately as possible to provide you with an estimate for lodging a visa application. The estimator does not include the second instalment of the visa application charge which is payable for some visas. Please note this is an estimate for a visa application, if you have already lodged your application and you want to change/add applicants please refer to the Visa Pricing Table. The Department of Immigration and Border Protection Visa Pricing Estimator will give you an estimate of the charges you may need to pay to lodge a visa application. This is paid after you have made your application but before the visa can be granted. Read the department's full disclaimer. The Commonwealth of Australia does not guarantee the accuracy, currency or completeness of any material in the Visa Pricing Estimator.

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