We have four types of immigration detention facilities in Australia, Immigration Detention Centres, Immigration Residential Housing, Immigration Transit Accommodation and Alternative Places of Detention. They all have different roles.
In addition to immigration detention facilities, people can also be accommodated in community based arrangements. These include the Community Detention Program and people released on Bridging Visa Es.
Immigration detention centres (IDC)
IDCs are for people who have overstayed their visa, are in breach of their visa conditions or who have come here without a valid visa. People who are refused entry into Australia at international airports and seaports may also be detained in IDCs. This type of facility provides accommodation for high risk detainees and the majority of the population are single adult males.
Immigration residential housing (IRH)
IRH is flexible housing that allows people in immigration detention to have more autonomy. The benefit of this domestic style of accommodation is that people are able to cook their own food and control many aspects of their household. In addition to the usual recreational and social activities, people are also able to go shopping and take part in community events. Eligibility for IRH depends on results from health and character checks and whether IRH is available.
Immigration transit accommodation (ITA)
ITA provides hostel-style accommodation for people whose immigration pathway is likely to be resolved quickly. People receive three meals a day and can make snacks for themselves at other times. The detention services provider provides programs and activities, including onsite recreational facilities.
Alternative places of detention (APOD)
This type of facility is for people we assess as being minimal risk to our communities. APODs are often used to accommodate families, children and people in need of medical treatment. APODs can be in the form of rented housing in the community, hotel rooms and other community housing through arrangements with other government departments.